Indonesian Archipelago Overview


Straddling the equator, the 17,504* islands and atolls of the Indonesian archipelago stretch almost 5,000 km from west to east and more than 2,000 km from north to south. Two millions square kilometres of lands, mountains, jungles and six seas covering more than 3 millions square kilometres, 80,000 km of coasts, deep blue waters, hundreds of reefs yet to explore, which host the greatest marine biodiversity of the planet (Indonesia host 17% of the world’s corals).

Indonesia brings together an astonishingly varied collection of peoples and a multicultural heritage. The rugged mountainous terrain and the fact that the country is made up of many islands, many of which remained isolated from each other, resulted in groups of people (more than 400 ethnic groups), with distinct traditions and an extraordinary diverse array of languages and cultures across the archipelago.

Indonesian Archipelago Overview


Unique and fascinating cultures, like in Bali, where the religion is still the centre of social life and the people shows the best of elegance and creativity during its beautiful ceremonies; or the fascinating world of Toraja People, in Sulawesi island, famous for their funerals where families could spent huge amount of money in buffaloes sacrifices. Yet, in Sumba, warriors of different tribes challenge with spears in horse battle during Pasola Festival, an ancient spectacular war ritual. In many others regions Flores, Alor and West Papua, inhabitants still follow ancestral animistic rituals.

In terms of landscape Indonesia offers the greatest variety of scenery. Huge islands like Sumatra, bigger than Spain or West Papua, almost two times than UK. Volcanoes and mountains often reach 3,000 meters. The highest top in the country, Puncak Jaya in West Papua is 5,050m high. Myriads of small islands, atolls, rocks are scattered in the sea surface offering to travelers white deserted sandy beaches shaded from palm trees, turquoises lagoons and tiny fisherman’s villages.

Traveling Indonesia offers world class diving, adventurous land and sea expeditions, trekking well out the beaten tracks, amazing postcard beaches, unknown cultures, but also top class hotels and resorts, luxury villas, spas, nightlife, restaurants and one of the best hospitality in the world. Definitely not to be missed!


(*) 18,307 according to the National Institute of Aeronautics and Space

Cruising Indonesia | The Liveaboard & Dive Specialists

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18,307 islands
World-class scuba diving destinations
Cruising Indonesia - diving and liveaboards